Ancient Mycenae is set amidst the Mountain of Agios Ilias and Mount Zara, approximately 22 km from Nafplion. For 400 hundred years this vestige of a kingdom was the most powerful in Greece, spreading between 1600-1200 BC. Mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey and the Iliad the richness of Mycenae was thought only to be myth until archeologists literally struck gold in 1822-90. The citadel walls which are 13 metres high and 7 metres wide were thought, by the ancient Greeks, to have been built by a Cyclops.
Epidavros is one of the most renowned of Greece's archeological sites is located just 30km east of Nafplion. The Theatre is still the most popular attraction and plays to this day are acted-out during the summer months, drawing in crowds of up to 16,000. The atmosphere is electrifying. Asclepius Sanctuary is set amongst the green foothills of Mount Arahneo the air is full of the smell of herbs and pine trees. It is easy to see how the sanctuary had a beneficial effect upon the ailing.
Ancient Nemea, like Olympia, was a Sanctuary where athletic games were held in honour of Zeus which were later known as the Panhellenic Festival Games. In mythology, Nemea was famous as the home of the Nemean Lion, which was killed by the hero Heracles and as the place where the infant Opheltes, lying on a bed of parsley, was killed by a serpent while his nurse fetched water.
Ancient Corinth, was a city-state on the Corinthian Isthmus, a narrow piece of land that joins the Peloponnese with the Greek mainland. The ancient city of Corinth was founded in the 10th century B.C., it was one of the largest cities in Ancient Greece and the richest port of its time. This is also where Apostle Paul came to preach to the Corinthians and spread Christianity and later on founded a successful church. Corinth was also the place where he sent two of he's epistles, calling the Corinthians to stop their heathen and sinful way of life. The city was widely known throughout Greece for the wild life of it's residents. Acrocorinth is located at a height of 574 metres above the city of Ancient Corinth and is well worth a visit.
The Isthmus is no longer part of the geographical characteristics of the area, in its place a canal has been opened, the Corinth Canal. It connects the Aegean and the Ionion Sea. The canals lenght is 6,4 kilometres and just 21,4 metres wide at its base, allthough there had been suggestions and attempts of creating the canal in ancient times the constuction started in 1881 and was complete 1893. Due to its narrow path it didn't attract the traffic expected and is now used as a tourist attraction.